5. Objects (Subject + Verb + Object)

Introducing today's grammar

I cook dinner.

She makes juice.

You read a book.

We watch a film.

In this lesson, we speak about actions and objects of those actions. When you finish this lesson, you will be able to make sentences about your actions and actions of others and the objects of those actions. Here are some examples:

  1. I drink.
  2. I drink lemonade.
  3. She sings.
  4. She sings songs.
  5. They play.
  6. They play basketball.

Subject + Verb 

'I drink', 'She sings', and 'They play' are the examples of the basic sentence pattern in English: Subject + Verb (SV). These sentences have the subjects (I, she, they) who do an action (drink, sing, play).

Subject + Verb + Object (SVO)

When you want to explain the action on the sentence with more details you can use an object in the sentence. For example, “I drink” is the basic sentence pattern and “I drink lemonade” is the sentence pattern with an object. The object here is “lemonade”. This pattern is used most often in the English language.

Object Pronouns

When you want to say that an action in a sentence has an effect on a person, or you do not want to use a noun but a shorter pronoun, you can use object pronouns. The subject pronouns such “I”, ”he” or “they” for example are different from the object pronouns. In the place of an object we use exactly these object pronouns: 

  1. My parents love me.
  2. I like you. (the subject and object pronouns are the same in this case)
  3. We know him.
  4. He calls her.
  5. She drinks it. (the subject and object pronouns are the same in this case)
  6. They see us.
  7. We see you. (the subject and object pronouns are the same in this case)
  8. I see them.

 

Exercise 1.

Sentence practice

Read these sentences out loud with your teacher. 

  1. He likes them
  2. He likes it.
  3. He likes him.
  4. He likes her.
  5. They see me.
  6. They see you.
  7. They see us.

 

Exercise 2.

Rephrasing sentences

Put the words in the following sentences in the correct order. 

  1. I books buy.
  2. He TV likes.
  3. They juice drink.
  4. Elephants see I.
  5. Magazines reads she.

 

Exercise 3.    

Find the mistakes

Correct the wrong object pronouns.

  1. We dislike he.
  2. I see they.
  3. She loves he.
  4. My parents me see.
  5. Them we call. 

 

Exercise 4.

Questions

Answer the following question using object pronouns in the place of the object from the main sentence.

For example: Do you read a book? Yes, I read it.

  1. Do you have a pet?
  2. Do you like animals?
  3. Do you like your colleagues/classmates?
  4. Do you have a neighbour?
  5. Do you drink juice?
  6. Do you make a cake?