Puerto Rico Declares Emergency, Activates National Guard after Earthquakes

The governor of Puerto Rico, Wanda Vazquez, has declared a state of emergency and activated the National Guard after several earthquakes hit the Caribbean Island. The strongest, measuring a magnitude 6.4, struck Tuesday along the island’s southern coast.

The earthquakes knocked out power and killed at least one person, officials and media reported.

The U.S. territory is still recovering from two destructive hurricanes in 2017 that killed 3,000 people and destroyed a lot of infrastructure across the island.

The Puerto Rican government is also dealing with bankruptcy. It hopes to reorganize about $120 billion of debt.

Vazquez became governor seven months ago. Large demonstrations pushed former Governor Ricardo Rossello from office.

After the quakes, Vazquez asked Puerto Ricans to remain calm.

She wrote on Twitter, “We want everyone to be safe…be with your family, implementing your emergency plans.”

The 6.4-magnitude earthquake on Tuesday struck at a depth of about 10 kilometers along the island’s southern coast, The U.S. Geological Survey said. The epicenter was near the city of Ponce. A 73-year-old man died there after a wall fell on him, the newspaper El Nuevo Dia reported.

People on social media described the quake as “super strong” and lasting up to 30 seconds. It was followed by a number of strong aftershocks, including one with a magnitude of 5.8.

The effects along the country’s southern coast appeared to be major.

In Ponce, Mayor Mayita Meléndez told WAPA television that hundreds of people were sitting in the streets of the city. Many did not want to return home for fear of aftershocks or collapsing buildings.

A video from WAPA television showed the badly damaged Immaculate Conception church in Guayanilla, about 20 kilometers from Ponce. Only half the church was standing. At least eight homes collapsed in nearby Yauco, El Nuevo Dia reported.

Several other earthquakes have struck the island in recent days, including a 5.8-magnitude earthquake Monday. That quake knocked down several houses in Guayanilla and Guanica. It also destroyed the Window of the Caribbean, a rock formation on a beach that was popular among visitors.

Jose Ortiz, the chief of the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority reported damage to the Central Costa Sur power plant. The power company checked on other stations across the island and cut off power across the whole island for safety reasons.

Vocabulary

Discuss the following vocabulary with your teacher

magnitude – n. : the size, extent, or importance of something

  • He realized the magnitude of his crime.

hurricane – n. an extremely large, powerful, and destructive storm

  • It started out as a normal hail storm yet quickly turned into a hurricane.

infrastructure – n. the basic equipment and structures (such as roads and bridges) that are needed for a country, region, or organization to function properly​

  • We need to spend more money on maintaining and repairing infrastructure.

aftershock – n. a smaller earthquake that occurs after a larger one​

  • I thought the earthquake was over which is why I was caught off guard by the aftershock.

implement – v. to put in place

  • I need to implement our nanny's schedule into our daily routine.

 

Questions

Answer the following questions about the article

  1. What is the governor of California's name?
  2. How many people did the two destructive hurricanes kill in 2017?
  3. How much is the Puerto Rican government in debt for?
  4. What is the mayor of Ponce's name?

 

Make a sentence

Make a sentence using the following words

  • magnitude
  • hurricane
  • infrastructure
  • aftershock
  • implement

 

Discussion

Have a discussion about the following questions

  1. How many Carribean islands do you know about?
  2. Has your country ever experienced an earthquake?
  3. What other countries do you know have experienced an earthquake?