In July 1984, the famous author and runner Jim Fixx died of a heart attack while running. One lesson from his death: just because you run does not mean you are safe from heart problems.

Thirty-five years later, Boston Marathon race director Dave McGillivray is repeating that message. "Being fit and being healthy aren't the same things," he says.

McGillivray, a lifelong runner, should know. Six months ago, he had heart surgery after suffering chest pain and shortness of breath while running.

McGillivray's family had a long history of heart problems. "I honestly thought that through exercise, cholesterol-lowering medicine, good sleep and the right diet, I'd be fine," he says. "But you can't run away from your genetics."

Aerobic exercise such as running, walking, cycling and swimming is known to reduce the risk of many health problems. But new research is questioning the value of "extreme exercise."

In a study published in December, researchers in Spain found information suggesting that full marathons, such as the famous Boston marathon, might injure the heart.

Dr. Kevin Harris is a cardiologist. He notes that running is a good activity, but the act of running "doesn't make you invincible." Harris adds that people who have a family history of heart problems should talk with their health care provider before running a marathon. "Especially," he added, "men who are older than 40 and those people who have symptoms they're concerned about."

The Spanish researchers, led by Dr. Juan Del Coso, found that only about one in 50,000 marathoners suffers cardiac arrest, a medical term for when the heart stops beating. But, a high number of cardiac events that are caused by exercise happen during marathons.

The Boston Marathon, and many other major races, place defibrillators along the race course. Defibrillators are devices that use electricity to shock the heart.

McGillivray says his doctor allowed him to race in the upcoming Boston Marathon. He has competed in it every year for 47 years. "My new mission," he says, "is to create awareness: If you feel something, do something… You might not get a second chance."

Exercise 1


Read the following vocabulary with your teacher.

surgery (n.) - medical treatment in which a doctor cuts into someone's body in order to repair or remove damaged or diseased parts

  • The doctor has recommended surgery.

invincible (adj.) - impossible to defeat or overcome

  • The loss proved that the team is not invincible.

symptom (n.) - a change in the body or mind which indicates that a disease is present

  • Fever and muscle pain are common flu symptoms.


Exercise 2


Answer these questions about the article.

1. What happened to the runner Jim Fixx?

2. What are some examples of aerobic exercise?

3. How often does cardiac arrest occur in marathoners?

4. What are defibrillators?


Exercise 3

Make a sentence.

Make sentences using these words.

surgery, invincible, symptom


Exercise 4


Have a discussion on following questions.

1. What do you think about this article? Are you surprised to see that marathon runners suffer from heart disease?

2. Have you ever run a marathon? If yes, tell your teacher about it. If no, would you like to?

3. How often do you exercise?

4. What is the best exercise in your opinion?


This lesson is based on a news article originally published by VOA.