Studies show that human beings and cats have been living together for about 9,500 years.

Dogs have lived with humans longer than cats. Dogs are domesticated, meaning they have been trained to do what people want them to do.

As cat owners know well, cats do not obey humans in the same way dogs do. In fact, some scientists claim that cats have trained us to take care of them. As a result, many people think that maybe cats simply do not understand human language.

A report in the scientific journal Nature shows that cats understand human beings well enough to recognize their own names.

The report describes a series of experiments with house cats in Japan. These tests involved having people say four words that were similar to a cat’s name. Each word had the same number of syllables as the name and some of the same sounds.

The cats seemed to lose interest after the speaker said a few of the words. Then the person said the cat’s name. The cats moved their ears or turned their head when they heard their names. They also moved their feet or bodies very little – not a surprising result.

In another part of the experiment, Japanese researchers compared house cats to cats who live in a cat café, a business where humans can come to spend time with cats. People said the names of the cats staying in the cat café. These animals reacted just as much to the name of a fellow cat living at the cat café as to their own name. The researchers thought this was because visitors may give food to the cat or rub its back when it responds.

Another finding was that a cat will react when a person who is not its owner says its name. The study was carried out by four researchers: Atsuko Saito, Yuki Ito, and Toshikazu Hasegawa at the Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science of the University of Tokyo and Kazutaka Shinozuka of the RIKEN Center for Brain Science in Saitama.

“I think many cat owners feel that cats know their names, or the word ‘food,’” but until now, there was no scientific evidence to back that up, says Saito, who is a cat owner.

The researchers hope that the findings from their study will help both cats and people. They added that perhaps cats can learn words to warn them of dangerous things or places.

Exercise 1

Vocabulary

Read the following vocabulary with your teacher.

domesticated (adj.) /dəˈmɛstɪkeɪtɪd/ - bred or trained to need and accept the care of human beings

  • Humans have domesticated cats

syllable (n.) /ˈsɪləbəl/ - any one of the parts into which a word is naturally divided when it is pronounced

  • The word “doctor” has two syllables.

respond (v.) /rɪˈspɑːnd/ - to do something as a reaction to something that has happened or been done

  • Police quickly responded to the call for help.

warn (v.) /ˈwoɚn/ -  to tell (someone) about possible danger or trouble

  • The book warns about the dangers of not getting enough exercise.

 

Exercise 2 

Questions

Answer these questions about the article.

1. How long have cats and humans been living together?

2. Where were the tests from the report conducted?

3. What is a cat café?

 

Exercise 3

Fill in the blanks

Fill in the blanks with the correct word listed below.

domesticated, syllable, respond, warn

1. Most readers _____ well to the book.

2. She _____ me that the stove was still hot.

3. Horses and oxen have been ______ to work on farms.

4. The second _____ of the word “computer” is given stress.

 

Exercise 4

Discussion

Have a discussion on following questions.

1. What do you think about the findings of this study?

2. Do you have a pet? If yes, tell your teacher about it. If no, would you like to have one?

3. Who do you think is a better pet, a cat or a dog?

4. What are the benefits of having a pet?

5. Are cat cafes popular in your country?

Source

This lesson is based on a news article originally published by VOA.