The administration of U.S. President Donald Trump has launched a campaign to better protect trade secrets from foreign hackers.

The Washington-based National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC) works with the U.S. government on intelligence issues. It helped launch the campaign. The NCSC is concerned about cyberattacks on U.S. government agencies and private companies carried out by China, Russia, North Korea and Iran.

William Evanina is director of the NCSC. He said business leaders should know about the “intent of our adversaries and what they are trying to do economically to gain the upper hand.”

The new campaign uses videos, printed materials and online information to describe the threat of cyber spying and methods used by foreign intelligence services.

One of the printed materials describes methods that hackers use to break into computer networks. It details how they create false social media accounts to trick people into giving out information about themselves and their work. It says that researching software and using anti-virus software can help protect personal information.

The first part of the campaign is called “Know the Risk, Raise Your Shield.” It is aimed at federal workers.

Evanina said the campaign centers on what he called Russia’s “aggressive, persistent attacks.” These attacks, he said, target computer networks of American power systems, communications, transportation and financial systems.

Russia and China have both repeatedly denied they have been carrying out such cyberattacks.

Evanina said the most serious threats, however, are malicious software put in computer parts. He also said companies must take greater care to investigate job candidates to ensure they are not acting for foreign powers.

Exercise 1


Read the following vocabulary with your teacher.


hacker (n.) - a person who secretly gets access to a computer system to get information or cause damage


cyberattacks (n.) - an attempt to illegally enter a computer system with the purpose of causing damage or harm


intent (n.) - an aim or purpose


adversaries (n.) - an enemy or opponent


brochure (n.) - a small, printed booklet with information and pictures


persistent (adj.) - continuing to do or try to do something


malicious (adj.) - showing the desire to cause harm



Exercise 2


Answer these questions about the article.


  1. Against who is this new campaign?
  2. What is this new campaign using?
  3. How is this campaign called?
  4. What did Russia and China do?



Exercise 3

Make a sentence.

Make sentences using these words.

hacker, intent, adversaries, brochure




Exercise 4


Have a discussion on following questions. 


  1. Have you ever been hacked?
  2. Do you use antivirus program?
  3. Do you think Russia hacked the elections in USA?
  4. How do you protect yourself on the internet?



This lesson is based on a news article originally published by learningenglish.voanews.