The administration of U.S. President Donald Trump has launched a campaign to better protect trade secrets from foreign hackers.

The Washington-based National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC) works with the U.S. government on intelligence issues. It helped launch the campaign. The NCSC is concerned about cyberattacks on U.S. government agencies and private companies carried out by China, Russia, North Korea and Iran.

William Evanina is director of the NCSC. He said business leaders should know about the “intent of our adversaries and what they are trying to do economically to gain the upper hand.”

The new campaign uses videos, printed materials and online information to describe the threat of cyber spying and methods used by foreign intelligence services.

One of the printed materials describes methods that hackers use to break into computer networks. It details how they create false social media accounts to trick people into giving out information about themselves and their work. It says that researching software and using anti-virus software can help protect personal information.

The first part of the campaign is called “Know the Risk, Raise Your Shield.” It is aimed at federal workers.

Evanina said the campaign centers on what he called Russia’s “aggressive, persistent attacks.” These attacks, he said, target computer networks of American power systems, communications, transportation and financial systems.

Russia and China have both repeatedly denied they have been carrying out such cyberattacks.

Evanina said the most serious threats, however, are malicious software put in computer parts. He also said companies must take greater care to investigate job candidates to ensure they are not acting for foreign powers.

Exercise 1

Vocabulary

Read the following vocabulary with your teacher.

 

hacker (n.) - a person who secretly gets access to a computer system to get information or cause damage

 

cyberattacks (n.) - an attempt to illegally enter a computer system with the purpose of causing damage or harm

 

intent (n.) - an aim or purpose

 

adversaries (n.) - an enemy or opponent

 

brochure (n.) - a small, printed booklet with information and pictures

 

persistent (adj.) - continuing to do or try to do something

 

malicious (adj.) - showing the desire to cause harm

 

 

Exercise 2

Questions

Answer these questions about the article.

 

  1. Against who is this new campaign?
  2. What is this new campaign using?
  3. How is this campaign called?
  4. What did Russia and China do?

 

 

Exercise 3

Make a sentence.

Make sentences using these words.

hacker, intent, adversaries, brochure

 

 

 

Exercise 4

Discussion

Have a discussion on following questions. 

 

  1. Have you ever been hacked?
  2. Do you use antivirus program?
  3. Do you think Russia hacked the elections in USA?
  4. How do you protect yourself on the internet?

 

Source

This lesson is based on a news article originally published by learningenglish.voanews.