The 116th United States Congress returned the first woman to the position of Speaker of the House and swore in the most diverse group of lawmakers in history.

The legislators took office Thursday in the middle of a partial government shutdown. The shutdown dispute is over President Donald Trump’s demand for money to build a wall along the U.S-Mexico border.

Nancy Pelosi was the first woman to ever serve as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. 

The new Democratic-controlled House has more women and more minorities than in the past. It includes New York’s Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the youngest woman ever elected to Congress. There is also Michigan’s Rashida Tlaib and Minnesota’s Ilhan Omar, the first two Muslim women to be elected. New Mexico’s Deb Haaland and Sharice Davids of Kansas became the first two Native American women in Congress.

Women hold 102 seats in the House and 25 seats in the Senate. There are also now 10 lawmakers who identify as LGBTQ.

Republicans added to their majority in the Senate after the November midterm elections.

In her opening speech Thursday, Pelosi noted she was especially “proud to be the woman Speaker of the House of this Congress, which marks 100 years of women winning the right to vote, as we serve with more than 100 women in the House of Representatives – the highest number in history.”

The new speaker added, “This House will be for the people.” She said its mission would be “to lower health costs and prescription drug prices, and protect people with pre-existing conditions; to increase paychecks by rebuilding America with green and modern infrastructure.”

Senate Republican Majority Leader Mitch McConnell says he had no plans to consider bills proposed by the House unless Trump agrees to sign them into law.

That means the shutdown is sure to continue.

Exercise 1


Read the following vocabulary with your teacher.


partial (adj.) - not complete or total


LGBTQ - acronym, stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer


infrastructure (n.) - structures such as roads and bridges that are needed for a country or region



Exercise 2


Answer these questions about the article.

  1. Who is the new speaker of the new Congress?
  2. Why is Congress in shutdown?
  3. How many women there are in both houses?
  4. Will shutdown continue?




Exercise 3

Make a sentence.

Make sentences using these words.

partial, LGBTQ, infrastructure



Exercise 4


Have a discussion on following questions. 


  1. How many houses has the government in your country?
  2. How much power does the President have?
  3. Who has the most of political power?


This lesson is based on a news article originally published by learningenglish.voanews.